Standards of Practice

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1.1  The Canadian Association of Home and Property Inspectors (CAHPI) is a not-for-profit association whose members include the following seven provincial/regional organizations: CAHPI-British Columbia., CAHPI-Alberta, CAHPI-Saskatchewan, CAHPI-Manitoba, OAHI (Ontario), AIBQ (Quebec), and CAHPI-Atlantic. CAHPI strives to promote excellence within the profession and continual improvement of inspection services to the public.


2.1  The purpose of these National Standards of Practice is to establish professional and uniform Standards for private, fee-paid home inspectors who are members of one of the provincial/regional organizations of CAHPI. Home Inspections performed to these National Standards of Practice are intended to provide information regarding the condition of the systems and components of the building as inspected at the time of the Home Inspection. This does NOT include building code inspections.

These National Standards of Practice enable the building being inspected to be compared with a building that was constructed in accordance with the generally accepted practices at the time of construction, and which has been adequately maintained such that there is no significant loss of functionality.

It follows that the building may not be in compliance with current building codes, standards and regulations that are applicable at the time of inspection.

These National Standards of Practice apply to inspections of part or all of a building for the following building types:

  • single-family dwelling, detached, semi- detached or row house
  • multi unit residential building
  • residential building held in divided or undivided co ownership
  • residential building occupied in part for a residential occupancy and in part for a commercial occupancy, as long as the latter use does not exceed 40% of the buildings total area, excluding the basement.
2.2  The Inspector shall:
A.  inspect:
  1. readily accessible, visually observable installed systems, and components of buildings listed in these National Standards of Practice.
B.  report:
  1. on those systems and components installed on the building inspected which, in the professional opinion or judgement of the inspector, have a significant deficiency or are unsafe or are near the end of their service lives.

  2. a reason why, if not self-evident, the system or component has a significant deficiency or is unsafe or is near the end of its service life.

  3. the inspectors recommendations to correct or monitor the reported deficiency.

  4. on any systems and components designated for inspection in these National Standards of Practice which were present at the time of the Home Inspection but were not inspected and a reason they were not inspected.

2.3  These Standards of Practice are not intended to limit inspectors from:
A.  including other inspection services in addition to those required by these National Standards of Practice provided the inspector is appropriately qualified and willing to do so.
B.  excluding systems and components from the inspection if requested by the client or as dictated by circumstances at the time of the inspection. repairs provided the inspector is appropriately qualified and willing to do so.

National Standards of Practice. © Copyright 2012 Canadian Association of Home & Property Inspectors.
 All Rights Reserved.  Reproduced with Permission.