National 
Standards of Practice

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GLOSSARY OF TERMS - Part 1

Adjacent

Nearest in space or position; immediately adjoining without intervening space.

Alarm
Systems
Warning devices, installed or free-standing, including but not limited to; carbon monoxide detectors, flue gas and other spillage detectors, security equipment, ejector pumps and smoke alarms.

A
rchitectural Service
Any practice involving the art and science of building design for construction of any structure or grouping of structures and the use of space within and surrounding the structures or the design for construction, including but not specifically limited to, schematic design, design development, preparation of construction contract documents, and administration of the construction contract, adequacy of design for the location and exposure to the elements.

A
utomatic Safety Controls

Devices designed and installed to protect systems and components from unsafe conditions.


Component

A part of a system.


Confined
Spaces

An enclosed or partially enclosed area that:

  1. Is occupied by people only for the purpose of completing work.
  2. Has restricted entry/exit points.
  3. Could be hazardous to people entering due to:

a. its design, construction, location or atmosphere.

b. the materials or substances in it, or

c. any other conditions which prevent normal inspection procedure.

Decorative

Ornamental; not required for the operation of the essential systems and components of a building.


Describe

To report a system or component by its type or other observed, significant characteristics to distinguish it from other systems or components.



National Standards of Practice. © Copyright 2012 Canadian Association of Home & Property Inspectors.
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